A thorough analysis of human history highlights that every civilization that has existed on the face of the Earth had to pass through phases or transitions. All these civilizations were ruled by a set of norms and values that defined them and were readily available in their religious texts or were transmitted to preceding generations through their ancestors. These cultural and religious norms played a vital role in the progress of these civilizations, however, on contrast, civilizations that neglected the pertinence of these norms and values faced ultimate demise. Clash of Civilizations became a debatable topic after Samuel Huntington’s article titled ‘Clash of Civilization’ published in 1993. Even in modern times, historians, philosophers, and thinkers are concerned with the grave ramifications of this never-ending clash between the Eastern and Western side of the world. Eastern philosophers were the first to pinpoint the aftermaths of this clash, as Iqbal in his letter to Nicolson in 1921 mentioned how vital it was to foster the art of peaceful coexistence and interfaith harmony among civilizations and what fundamentals formed the bases of it. The western civilization has been dominated by materialism and has separated spiritualism and religion from political and economic spheres of life. They believe religion is a personal matter and lies at the discretion of the individual, with the state playing no role in the uplift of its stature no matter what. According to Spangler, religion plays an integral role in civilizational progression. Even Iqbal in his work highlighted that only those civilizations ruled the world who had close ties and affiliation with religion. He also highlighted the pertinence of metaphysical aspects in civilization growth rather than materialism, adding that the edifice of Islamic civilizations stands tall on religious fundamentals alone.
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