The research intends to probe into Arthur Miller’s play Death of a Salesman (entitled as the best American play of country) in order to analyze it from the Marxist point of view and to investigate the element of false consciousness in the text. The characters of the play are the example of 20th century people who resort to illusion in order to gain some dignity. The present study will deal with the play in a Marxist perspective by exploring the role of false consciousness and ideology formulated by bourgeoisie in a capitalist society. Arthur Miller has won a lot of awards: A Tony Award, a Pulitzer Prize, and a Molière Award one of the most prized of American dramatists. He is one of the top most of American playwrights. He is one of five major American dramatists of international repute. Miller’s plays have the ability to attract, amuse and provoke the readers and the audience alike Miller is the fountainhead of heat and energy enthusiasm and bubbles, creativity and controversy in the field of dramatic literature. Death of a Salesman is the story of a man who always lives a life of illusion and blindly follows American Dream which is based on the false consciousness. In fact, Willy Loman is everyman and every man is Willy Loman and he represents the morality of common working class. The tragic end of the play is not difficult to accept for a common reader because he is also a part of the same social circumstances.
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