Welfare State in Theory and Practice: A Comparative Study of India and Pakistan


Adnan Anwar,Dr. Tahira Mumtaz,Dr. Gulnaz Akbar


As the world became aware, the nations in the world started raising their voices for their rights, taking into consideration the rights, when the states started making their provision as their main objective, these states started to be called welfare states. This term of the welfare state continued to improve with each passing day after World War II. Gradually, every state started moving towards making itself a welfare state, but this term is many times more complicated than it seems. The researcher has put two basic questions in this research one is, how is the welfare state evolving in the contemporary ecosphere? And second is, on what grounds do India and Pakistan meet the criteria of welfare state? To complete this research, the theory of the welfare state and its historical background are described. Qualitative methods and secondary resources have been used in this research. This study compares Pakistan and India as welfare states, as both neighbouring countries call themselves welfare states. The parameters of the welfare state that have been defined in the study have been checked against the two states to see which principles both states meet and which do not.