Women Participation in Democracy Empowerment: Case of Electoral Process in Pakistan - Psychological and Social Impact


Mehvish Shafiq,Dr Noraiz Arshad,Dr Sobia Riaz


This article explores the multifaceted dimensions of women's participation in the democratic process in Pakistan, focusing on their involvement in elections and the subsequent psychological and social impacts. Women's engagement in electoral activities is not only a measure of democratic inclusivity but also a critical factor in their broader economic and social empowerment. This study delves into the historical context of women's political participation in Pakistan, highlighting key milestones and persistent challenges. The research investigates the barriers that women face, such as cultural norms, educational disparities, and economic dependency, which hinder their active involvement in the electoral process. It examines the psychological effects of political participation on women, including enhanced self-esteem, increased political efficacy, and the empowerment that stems from active civic engagement. Furthermore, the study assesses the social impact, considering how women's participation influences community attitudes towards gender roles, the acceptance of women in leadership positions, and the broader implications for gender equality in Pakistani society. The findings reveal a complex interplay between empowerment and participation. While legal frameworks and quotas have facilitated greater representation of women in political bodies, significant socio-cultural obstacles remain. The psychological benefits of participation are substantial, fostering a sense of agency and confidence among women. Socially, women's active involvement in elections is gradually transforming traditional gender norms, although progress is uneven across different regions and communities.