The degrading and declining state of Muslims of the Subcontinent and their ideological crisis have been a topic of recurring debate and discussions among several Muslim scholars, including Sir Sayyed Ahmad and Allama Muhammad Iqbal and modern-day scholars such as Hasan Askari and Saleem Ahmad. Besides being an excellent prose writer and poet, Saleem Ahmad (1927-1983) is also regarded as one of the eminent Urdu literature critics. Being a prolific researcher, he penned down voluminous scholarly writings on diverse issues related to Islamic civilization in general and in the context of the sub-continent in particular. His writings cover a wide range of subjects ranging from an analysis of social issues to ideological dilemmas of Muslims and also providing strategic solutions to these multifaceted issues. While addressing the downfall of Muslims of the subcontinent, he had expressed his grief and concerns for ignoring their heritage and roots of Islamic civilization. His refutation of western civilization is not purely academic, however, he establishes strong logical arguments based on an in-depth understanding of Islamic civilization. The strong criticism of the modern concept of man rooted in western ideology has been pivotal in his essays and writings. This article covers the fundamental ideas of Saleem Ahmad written on the degrading state of Muslims of the sub-continent. It is almost impossible to cover the breadth of Saleem Ahmad in one article of the limited length of words, however, it has been tried to shed light on his thoughts related to the downfall of Muslims of the sub-continent.
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